This is the "Statistical Software & Instruction" page of the "Empirical Research" guide.
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Fordham University Law Library
This guide will provide resources for empirical legal research including information on data sets and statistical packages.
Last Updated: Feb 15, 2016 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Statistical Software & Instruction Print Page

Statistical Software

There are a variety of software packages available for use in statistical analysis.  Below, we list some resources that will assist the beginner.


Stata is a general multi-purpose statistical software package, often used in empirical legal studies.   The most up-to-date version is Stata 11.


SPSS is a popular statistical software package amongst social science researchers.  The most up-to-date version is SPSS v. 19.  SPSS v.17 is available at Fordham University Computing Centers.



SAS is strong in data management and the analysis of variance (ANOVA). It has a reputation for being challenging to use.  The most up-to-date version is SAS v. 9.2.  


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  • What Statistical Test do I Use? A quick guide from UCLA's Insitute for Digital Research and Education that helps you to determine what statistical test to use, depending on the type of variables you are working with.
  • Duke Law's Empirical Training page offers some mini-classes on certain aspects of empirical research such as coding and surveys.
  • Data Management Plans Online: website of a group of institutions that are partnering to develop an online data management tool in response to requirements of funding agencies such as the NSF.  The tool will be based on DMP Online, a tool developed by the UK Digital Curation Centre.


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Items without a link must be obtained through interlibrary loan. Please contact a reference librarian or use our online ILL system.

  • Acock, Alan C. A Gentle Introduction to Stata, 3rd ed.  College Station, Texas: Stata Press, 2010. QA276.45 S73 A36 2010 
  • Long, J. Scott. The Workflow of Data Analysis Using Stata. College Station, Texas: Stata Press, 2009. QA276.45 .S73 L66 2009
  • Marques de Sa, J.P.  Applied Statistics: using SPSS, STATICA, MATLAB and R, 2nd ed. New York: Springer, 2007.  This title is available as an electronic resource through Fordham University Libraries.


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  • DataCritica: a peer-reviewed, open access journal for the exchange of ideas about statistics. 
  • Journal of Official Statistics: published by the national statistical office of Sweden, this open access journal publishes articles on collection, processing and analysis of statistics.
  • Journal of Applied Statistics: articles on the use of statistics in a wide range of disciplines including business, computing, economics, medicine and education. This journal can be accessed through Fordham University Library.
  • Journal of Time Series Analysis: publishes peer-reviewed articles on both theory and applications, as well as communications on theoretical developments.  Available through Fordham University Library.
  • Probability and Statistics: publishes original research and survey papers in the area of probability and statistics.  Fields covered include finance and econometrics.


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  • K Pearson, "On the criterion that a given system of deviations from the probable in the case of a correlated system of variables is such that it can be reasonably supposed to have arisen from random sampling" in 50 Philosophical Magazine Series 5 157-175 (1900).


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